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tv   Documentary  RT  November 27, 2013 8:29am-9:01am EST

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southern belgariad endless green fields people in traditional dress. the region of the day as a natural paradise where time seems to have stood still. here people have always worked in the fields. as a family a mother a grandmother and two children. it's midday the sun is scorching more than thirty degrees. or more and it's getting hard little one. seven and his sister ellie nine to school today they're needed here. the no one to see whether the situation is normal or not if these little children the punishing them like this making them work so hard when life are they going to have . a future will they have.
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near the border with greece during the two thousand and this little village experienced an unprecedented period of growth area became the gateway to europe hundred number dreamed of construction tourism and development then the belgariad became a member of the e.u. since then things aren't quite right in the region of a. kid which of you are going to work in the fields after class go on raise your hands. or in this fourth grade class the average age is fourteen. why do i work because i need to my family needs money otherwise my parents have to do it all on you while i stay home with time to finish six seven in the evening. is it tiring now my parents let me take a break. so when do you do your homework if i can get it done in the evening i do
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it in the morning or at a break time whenever i can. come any of your pupils work in the fields after school ninety percent. are you feeling the impact of the crisis here. what are you talking about there isn't any crisis in reading i tell you you can't live in if you stay here you certification. ran. thanks to europe these peoples had been gradually leaving work in the fields but then the crisis came and the children were sent back to work. one pm after school getting started a second day she goes to the fields with her father. is the biggest producer of tobacco in europe. growing tobacco has always been
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a way of earning extra income every family has a field. it's the end of spring and the family have to transplant the seedlings which have been growing for months in. the last year i was still living in spain for work everywhere else i'd bring the girl but they are my employer insisted that she stays at home she was under eighteen but because of the crisis spain doesn't want this belgariad workforce any more so the farmers have come home and families can't afford not to have the children work in. we don't have any money here if we did we wouldn't be here nobody has work and you don't or what you do in her own she'll work in the field oh no. it's hard work they have to get the tobacco seeds to germinate them plant them water them endlessly then finally pick them dry then cure the leaves eight months of
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continual work. the year and we work like cattle. work seven days a week eight to ten hours a day without pay. involved gary and they used to be a state monopoly on tobacco but since two thousand and two the market has been opened up to competition and that's what has ruined getting as father. is that's a great tasty isn't it to be better because of all the work but it's a fantastic cigarette if we don't produce we die before the collapse of the soviet union we were fine. and eventually there were millions of smokers there they consumed them and we're going to survive my wife and i but the youngsters it's better that they save themselves. they have no future how can they study when they're in the fields all day how can they plan to support everyone and what can
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they learn here these children. can't speak. for getting his family the same as for two hundred thousand other families in the region tobacco has become the only source of income. the problem is that this culture doesn't spare the health of its children. so far only one study denounces working conditions for belgariad child workers in the tobacco fields and that dates back to two thousand and one. the authors of this sociologist and this doctor who was sent by the aiello the international labor organization. we have observed numerous cases of carve a share of the spine what's more this children have badly developed logs and the the under development of the lungs is linked to the doubled up position of the body
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the position here is to ingrowing to back up within them and since they also work in a dusty environment and this provides the perfect conditions for the development of tuberculosis than finally tearing their tobacco harvest they're exposed to different toxic substances such as star of the fittest and this time we all know how it is undoubtedly cost some of china. isn't it and look at that and. get an effect. for them in the last three seven in two thousand and one we estimated that the number of children aged five to seventeen who were forced to work was already one meal in a few hundred ninety four thousand. and in your opinion has this figure increased a bit of course it has. been written over as mother doesn't know about all the risks associated with tobacco cultivation she's
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too busy sustaining a little family. in the only bedroom in the house getting a relaxes sending messages to friends like any other girl her age. that's nothing i think i have to how my parents is inadequate to look this really cuz they're not working for anyone else they're doing this for me for this that this is the most so i can have a future so i can make something out of my life then do what they couldn't do is divide up so i feel i'm asked how balance when i can even if it's not a lot says quote the mob and their clothes that fuck all i'm not like those spoiled children in the cities who do nothing to help their parents the sell go to the vet to quit all diplomats nice little detail of the scene. garia is seriously suffering the affects of the crisis however it's not only the
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country where child labor has increased exponentially. even the world's sixth biggest power confiscated. maple's one of the poorest cities in italy. here to the crisis has forced hundreds of families to send their children to work from a very young age your body is thirteen and has been working as a waiter for over a year. john good morning coffee. on the back of a bus was. pushed. to defeat yeah it's a tough job but i've got to do it because mum and dad have problems so i have to help them. do you want to do this later on. i hope i'll do something else when i grow up. kewl.
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coffee in this pharmacy nobody is shocked to see a child working. for your. e-mail from two pm until nine giovanni paces the streets of his neighborhood tree in hand for him childhood games only a distant memory bank and my friends only think about football or playstation ok that's because their parents they have work. mission and as for me my parents can't find work the tree is heavy the neighborhood is big and giovanni is here seven hours every day of my research because i have to carry this tray so it hurts. but i'll build up muscle get used to it and then it'll be better. can you give me a big glass of water. giovanni has just
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a few minutes break with the way to put the cafe that implies him. is that you are you tired. oh no i'm fine so you've done ok yes because there were customers that i'm attempts to look at yeah it's ok you know. because people here are kind. giovanni doesn't cost his boss a penny to celery tips from customers eighty euros a day on average he's great this boy he knows his job myself i started working when i was eight years old. here come on boy hurry up with your call face off you go. right jonathan have. i. the only child who's working in this district of naples. in the corner on the right another boy
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barely fourteen years old tries to. and you. can i tell i'm having entering because the parents say. if some try to hide it's because child labor has long been illegal in italy. of a few dead and a thing to stop it. do you think humanity as a whole would benefit from living some parts of the wall of g.m.o. free just to play on the safe side view through biotechnology research through genetic modification we can give those small holder farmers the opportunity to be able to deal with and survive all of those challenges and i believe they should have all of the tools.
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of losers real men do deals with their own so this is the number one i would say the only one so far victory for the obama administration it could be the beginning fall for obama's nixon in china movement fasten your seat belt ok richard this is you know the nixon in china analogy is being brought up in the media and i tend to agree with peggy this could be the only positive thing we've seen in the obama administration to foreign policy wise in a while not sure of this in the store agreement or the nixon in china analogy holds but we just don't know and certainly it's it's a modest risk for a big gain so i think it's i think people are going to give the president benefit of the doubt here for a while well i think what's happening is that the the media and certainly congress is overselling this.
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it was recently revealed that jamie diamond rented out buckingham palace and other to entertain his close friend tony blair the dinner took place only days before jamie dive in and agreed to give the us department of justice a very small cut mortgage fraud and oh how the peasants outside buckingham palace gates rejoiced at the impossibly large number of thirteen billion dollars jamie. all hailed jamie does. sometimes people ask me what i'm doing here they see it sexploitation him for minor
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but i'm smart i go into bars and if there's a control i pretend i'm buying chewing gum for a coffee kind of sitting around the street corner giovanni bumps into his. i'll serve you. it's ok to know lovingness son works on the black he doesn't like it but he's resigned to it everybody to hear some people tell me this is exploitation of a minor and it's wrong. and all or none of them say to me ok you've nothing to eat i'll lend you a hand. yeah you don't nobody helps you here. so if i sent him to steal old ladies buy eggs that would be more acceptable here the way i want to carry it with me if you work on us lee and maples it's considered humiliation but people will say oh per kid was different but if i sent him to steal an old lady's handbag in two
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minutes he could get fifty euros. it isn't even on that in a week with his tips if he still on the other hand people would say that he's got balls. gennaro wouldn't be able to take over from his son and he wouldn't be discreet enough for this type of work on the black . for giovanni the day isn't done. i got home giovanni's mother monica has agreed to show us around. the way here's our bad true my sleep here with my husband and there in the smallest true our other nine year old and here giovanni thirteen. body which is the kitchen. the way we need. them and we do what we can and. here's the bathroom. in
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total that's twenty five squalid square meters connected by one electric cable coming from the neighbor's house. not that i'm going to have already don't have electricity anymore. i want to have nothing in the freezer you see. any waits empty even when i do have electricity. this. and those other things people give me now and then i put them there the family survives thanks to food packages since this year italy has become the top country for emergency food aid inside the european union. not for resale it comes from the church this food parcel this also was given to me by the parish. and in there and there was monica's husband gennaro has been unemployed for three years since the pizzeria way he worked closed down the alley looking much three
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years ago i would never have imagined that things would get so bad. to think that all the sacrifices i made were for nothing. illegal and i. could feel them since i was a child even chopped up. all of it for nothing. for being a pizza maker was a respected job done by artisans. you could compare yourself to an architect or nurse used to be someone everything's over now i feel like i'm good for nothing every day by the point at one time i decided to end my life in the divine economy while i was trying to drink bleach she said mom what are you doing are you going to abandon us so not to scare my husband and kids i know pretend i'm ok a fact there are no but at night sometimes you curl up in a ball and cry and you say to yourself what
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a terrible life what is the point. where we live and what will become of us if the lord doesn't give us a better life. giovanni comes home lost every evening he asks his mother the same question. what's for dinner pasta again well that's all there is. to. the crisis has plunged into the sort of poverty that takes the city back fifty years to the post. area. with twelve million people and an unemployment rate verging on thirty five percent naples has become the symbol of a desperate to europe europe to its knees. two out of every five children live under the bread line it's a record. at
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seven am giovanni's the family waking up in the new room that's a bedroom. so. giovanni has two sisters four and seven years of age his family lives on less than four hundred euros a month. just like every morning the children are getting ready for school and just like every other morning it's the same problem. when they have morning break and they have to have a snag they don't have anything. yes it's true that snack time is hard. because you see all the others eating and we never have anything. to eat. this morning giovanni and his sisters will make do with just a glass of milk. so i know we are living in poverty but.
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on the outskirts of the city is a dormitory town where hundreds of underprivileged families live. the average monthly income never exceed seven hundred fifty euros a month. to understand the extent of the child labor problem just follow giovanni to his school and into his classroom. out of twenty five children enrolled only eight present care absenteeism from school is spreading like wildfire the deputy head i was underscore petty comes to show. mr scuse me good morning whistler another see here we have a third grade class a final here class here is their teacher as you only need to see the number of pupils here right the beginning of the academic year and it's plain to see that we have a lot of chronic absentees yesterday we went and got them from home so they were
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more but today they'll amazon ever so they've gone back to their normal activities where are they they should be at school. where are the well they're not at home at any rate i don't know they vanished disappeared souring the local area. this is a school with a chronic absenteeism rate over sixty percent in other words out of every hundred children in rolled sixty hardly ever come or even don't come at all vanished in italy we're not talking about truancy but chronic absenteeism the desks are empty the children gone elsewhere working when children are absent it's because they're engaged in other activities. so would you say that the number of pupils go no to work has increased since the crisis work is a complicated term here it's not right for the kids to work i'm telling you because
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the law doesn't allow minors to work legally so we're talking about criminality that's why our school is a gateway school it's our task to rehabilitate those children who have been forced to help their families in here it's a question of necessity you know often in order to be able to eat ten lives have to shut their eyes pretend they haven't seen anything don't know anything. what the deputy head doesn't want to say openly is that here pupils giovanni's age have only two choices to work illegally or join the ranks of the camorra the neapolitan mafia in order to combat this disturbing and chronic absenteeism the region of naples has appointed a special advisor he's a man who's resigned himself to the problem because children working illegally is the lesser of two evils. you know it's true that here we think it's better to work a legally them to be selling drugs on
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a street corner. in this situation is very difficult and there's no easy solution and i felt. like anything the crisis is hitting hard businesses are closing down for a kid just out of school we have to admit the chances of finding a job are slim almost nonexistent. with a one. that's. judging by the adviser's words if you want to get a job in naples it's best to start out young. fictions of fifteen years old. the youngest of six he lives in the north of the city. just like every day he's come to say goodbye to his teacher who's known him since childhood. hello burning tencent you've come to see me yes. comes to
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tell his teacher something he hasn't had the courage to say until now. so what are you doing this year. study think i'm going to work this year simona you know i don't think i'm going to carry on with school she will i'd like to try but i think it's best for me to go to work in jordan e.m.p. too as time goes by that is where there's less and less work basically we've seen so many factories close and it's only two thousand and twelve. multiway single mining even countries like england that are rich or france countries where they never had any problems for them they're affected by the crisis. if we look ahead to two thousand and sixteen there won't be anything left and so i've been thinking. better to find a job now instead of waiting seven or eight years. yes i know you're supposed to be
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in school until sixteen. but anyway i'm fifteen. anyway these days no one can force you to go to school and everyone has to figure out for themselves what to do with their lives because often and i'll swap over having to. clean the past a machine for me to hate and then i'll give you the flour and water when you finish ok maybe. for the past three months functions it has been working on the black in this bakery and his neighborhood. already and don't forget to put the salami ham and eggs in the past. ok so i think. maybe i should and i enjoy working. here always moving in feel learn how to do things. we want to have already worked before him in bar then my brother told me
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there was a place here and i wanted to give in. and it's also because i want to help my family my mum it really helps us. how much to earn twenty four years so we. twenty four euros a week seventy five cents an hour off a ten hour day six days a week. this boy he's my helper. yes it's true he's just a boy but he's a hard worker and he's got to grow up sometime that's life. you know is one thing that i still can't understand and i don't want to good mood but i have this one question with doing this for you that you had everything.
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that you gave them all know. to go your way but what for. it was a latent form he tried to restrain himself but look it will burst out anyway. if it really puts me off that i have such a father. it was one small but very great secret and i have to live with it. if you're thinking about an alcoholic drink associated with russia it's probably not going to be one that springs into your head but they've been making it here on
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the black sea coast for more than two thousand kids and there's an industry which really. can compete with the best the rest of the world has to offer i've come to meet some of the people going the greats and to see if i can find out the secret to the perfect. plan. but listen i. right. the. war is probably the most complex and difficult given. all of us are still locked up. in the phenomenon of friendly fire probably
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extends back to the invention of gunpowder. just kill a bunch of people who don't know what they're up there really is there really us people. reading. this something shoots my brother in the leg not intentional because of it because it was night times four in the morning even the best given the belch shoulders. are going to make mistakes does this whole idea of brotherhood an author and camaraderie in this sense it was in this context it has absolutely no place. this is the place that has been consecrated to god for almost a thousand of years people came here twenty some years ago so he established and
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asked a life on the silence. and people feel the love of christ all working. people say you can. come and something happens on this island that makes them return to it again and again they say the beloved saves them. join me james brown on a journey for the soul. only on nazi. one hundred twenty three days. really. people.
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are. a day before the. eastern europe a public fury in ukraine refuses. as the government hesitates and signing up to try to. crack down on terror in the heart of the russian. wrested a group of islamic extremists. i ordered the arrest of. a head of regime change in. defying the new law public gathering.

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